Are you part of a stepfamily, or about to become part of one? If so, you may have heard many statements or stereotypes about this type of family, some of which may have made you feel unsure, confused, or disheartened. Below, we debunk some myths about stepfamilies and replace them with modern realities.
Reality: Forty percent of new marriages today are remarriages, and more than 40% of Americans have at least one step-relative. Many unmarried cohabitors also bring children into the relationship, creating informal step-relationships. Being a part of a stepfamily is far from uncommon.
Reality: Your stepfamily can’t succeed without two adults who love, care, and respect each other. There will be many times when it is crucial to prioritize the couple relationship.
Reality: Research actually shows that it is completely normal for a stepfamily to take several years (even up to 10) to truly establish trust and bonds. This is even more true when children involved are older (especially between the ages of 9-15). This doesn’t mean you are doing something wrong. Time may be the best remedy for many issues.
Reality: Loving someone does not mean we automatically adore every other person they are related to. (Otherwise, why would we have in-law jokes?) It is normal not to feel close to your partner’s children—certainly at first, maybe for some time, or even (especially in the case of adult stepchildren) ever. Cooperation, civility, and respect will go a long way in the meantime.
Reality: Barring abuse, a child’s biological parents should be an important part of their lives, and all involved adults should work hard to make sure those relationships are protected. A new marriage also will not make the past marriage or unresolved feelings about the ex “disappear.”
Reality: According to experts, it’s often best for birth parents to take the lead on discipline and child guidance, especially at first. Older children and teens may be quite resentful of a new adult trying to “boss them around.” Instead, it may be better for the new stepparent to behave more like an adult friend, mentor, or more distant “relative.”
Reality: It’s not productive or realistic to pretend that steprelationships are identical to relationships between birth relatives. A child’s time with his or her birth parent should be protected in recognition of that special bond. Similarly, allow the children to decide what to call a new stepparent rather than forcing the “mom” or “dad” title.
Reality: Children and teens often appear ungrateful to parents, regardless of relationship! Teens may be particularly likely to seem ungracious and unappreciative. This is really quite typical.
Reality: If kids are involved, custody can definitely change—legally or due to the child’s preference. About 30% of children of divorced parents decide to switch households and move in with the other parent at some point. While this can be upsetting, it’s important to know that it isn’t atypical.
Reality: Stepfamilies are complicated! There are many new roles and relationships. Children have to adjust to new siblings, new grandparents, and a whole new set of family issues. Holidays are different and homes are new. Rules, customs, and styles of relationship may not be the same as those experienced in the first marriage. Step relationships also have a very different “beginning story,” and it does not make sense to deny this.
Reality: It’s difficult to compare marital quality and family happiness in stepfamilies to that in first marriage families because it’s “apples to oranges.” But what we do know is that many second and subsequent marriages do well. And with time, most children adapt well to stepfamily living. The differences that do exist between stepchildren and children in first marriage families are relatively small. If the first marriage was high conflict or abusive, a stepfamily may offer a healthier model.
Subsequent marriages do have a higher divorce rate than first marriages, so it’s very important to keep an eye on the health of your relationship. But, as one stepchild interviewed reported, one advantage to stepfamily living is simply that there are “more people to love.”
By Carol Church, lead writer, SMART Couples, Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences, University of Florida
Coleman, M., Ganong, L. and Fine, M. (2000), Reinvestigating remarriage: Another decade of progress. Journal of Marriage and Family, 62: 1288–1307. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2000.01288.x
Ferrer, M. (2000). Stepping stones for stepfamilies-- lesson 1: Taking time to think about my stepfamily. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/237798135_Stepping_Stones_for_Stepfamilies--_Lesson_1_Taking_Time_to_Think_about_My_Stepfamily1
Forever Families. (n.d.) Recognizing stepfamily myths, realities, and strengths. Retrieved from https://foreverfamilies.byu.edu/recognizing-stepfamily-myths
Gamache, S. (1994). New perspectives on stepfamilies: Step is not a 4-letter word. Retrieved from https://www.stepfamilies.info/
Heller, K. H. (1995). Preserving identities in stepfamilies. Retrieved from https://www.stepfamilies.info/
Lintermans, G. (n.d.) Steps to stepfamily success. Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/parents/experts/archive/2011/10/steps-to-stepfamily-success.html
Partridge, D. (n.d.) Myths of the meadow. Retrieved from http://www.smartstepfamilies.com/view/586
Swanson, S. D. (2009). The myth of stepfamilies: What every therapist should know. Retrieved from http://stepfamilycenter.com/
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